Some cities grow for centuries, others for millennia, and there are cities that can grow in a few decades. Such phenomena include the capital of Kazakhstan - Nur-Sultan.
- Nur-Sultan got the status of the capital in 1997 and for 22 years the city became the largest modern metropolis with developed infrastructure, transport network, and social life.
- The city was founded in 1830 under the Russian Empire and was called Akmolinskii prikaz, and served as defensive fortification for the Siberian Cossacks. Then after the century, it was renamed Tselinograd, as the center of the Soviet “Virgin Lands Campaign”, aimed to develop the agricultural movement in the region. After gaining independence, the city returned to the original name of Akmola and in 1998 it became “Astana” which means “capital city” translated from Kazakh. The name once again changed to Nur-Sultan, by unanimous parliamentary voting in 2019.
- It is located on the Yesil River, which divides the capital into the Right and Left bank, made of different architecture styles. Historical right bank takes you into the Soviet era, which reflects the past of the country, whereas the left bank of Yesil is the reflection of modern and futuristic view on architecture and the lifestyle of Kazakhstani people.
- Kazakhstan is the largest landlocked country in the world, but for Nur-Sultan it is not an issue: Khan Shatyr – the shopping centre, designed by well-known Norman Foster as the biggest marquee in the world has its own beach. Additionally, there is a piece of boundless ocean in the heart of the arid steppe zone – Oceanarium “Ailand” (“Duman”).
- If you want to experience an extreme continental climate, Nur-Sultan is ideal for you. The weather is very diverse and depends on the season: in summer temperature can rise to 30*C, whereas during winter, it can go 40*C below zero, which makes it the second coldest capital in the world after the Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia.
- Nur-Sultan is to become a financial center of the Central Asian region, since the Astana International Financial Centre, a financial hub, opened in 2016. Under its umbrella, the Astana International Exchange (AIX), Astana Financial Services Authority (AFSA), and International Arbitration Centre have opened and now working under a good pace.
- Nur-Sultan became the face of the state and entered the list of 30 best cities in the world. Today it is the center of the Eurasian space, accepting various forums, congresses and other events of international importance.
- The Congresses of Leaders of World and Traditional Religions, the Astana Economic Forum and other internationally significant events are held on a regular basis. The historic OSCE Summit was held, the jubilee summits of SCO and OIC were held. The capital of the republic hosted participants and guests of the VII Winter Asian Games. In 2017, Nur-Sultan hosted the international exhibition EXPO -2017, the 27th Congress of the World Association of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgeons and many other events.
- In 1999, at the initiative of UNESCO, the capital of Kazakhstan was awarded the title of City of Peace. A convenient location in the center of the Eurasian continent makes Astana an economically advantageous transport, communication and logistics center, a kind of Transit Bridge between Europe and Asia.